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★ Origin of the Forum

Xi'an, the capital city of northwest China's Shaanxi province, was once the start of the famous Silk Road which linked China with Central Asia and the Roman Empire. Now the city continues its role as it prepares for the Sixth Euro-Asia Economic Forum on September 24-26, 2015, in a bid to promote exchanges between China, Russia and neighboring Central Asian nations.

The biennial Euro-Asia Economic Forum was first launched in China in 2005 and has been held five times. Xi'an was named the permanent venue of the forum in 2007.

When speaking about the Euro-Asia Economic Forum, we have to mention the Shanghai Cooperation Organization, or the SCO.

The SCO was established in 2001. It has six member countries, which are China, Russia, Tajikistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, and Uzbekistan. Its main purposes are developing cooperation in political affairs, trade and economy, science and technology, culture, education and many other fields.

When the Prime Ministers of SCO member states met in Beijing in 2003, they put forward the idea of establishing a free trade area, or FTA, among the six countries. A year later, nine resolutions including 'Implementing Measures and Plans on the Outline of Multilateral Economic and Trade Cooperation' were adopted at the meeting.

At the SCO summit in 2005, leaders supported the policy of enhanced mutual trust, solidarity and cooperation. Through that, the member states should translate the potential cooperation into practical achievements as quickly as possible.

The member countries agreed to inject more investment, to carry out the concepts of multilateral economic and trade cooperation and to prioritize its implementation measures.

The SCO Summit in 2005 was the start of the Euro-Asia Economic Forum. The cooperation within the region has had positive momentum since then.

In order to follow the instructions of translating the potential cooperation into practical achievements as quickly as possible, which was proposed at the SCO summit meeting, Shanghai Cooperation Organization, the United Nations Development Program and China Development Bank reached a consensus. It is to build a platform for economic cooperation and exchange between Central Asia and Russia.

In a communique of SCO Leader's Council in Moscow published in 2005, Prime Ministers agreed that holding the Euro-Asia Economic Forum in Xi'an would be a timely and constructive event.


The theme of the Euro-Asia Economic Forum this year is “Buildthe Silk Road Economic Belt"


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